Sterilisation is a permanent method of contraception, for people who do not want more children, or any children. It works by stopping sperm from meeting an egg.
Male sterilisation (vasectomy) is done by cutting and sealing or tying the vas deferens (the tube that carries sperm from the testicles to the penis).
Female sterilisation (tubal occlusion) is done by cutting, sealing, or blocking the fallopian tubes which carry an egg from the ovary to the uterus (womb).
Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is as effective as sterilisation but reversible.
Effectiveness: Vasectomy (male sterilisation) and tubal occlusion (female sterilisation) are both over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.
Fit and forget: After a successful procedure, you do not have to think about or use contraception again. But sterilisation is rarely reversible, so do not choose this option unless you are absolutely certain you do not want any children in the future.
Periods: Sterilisation does not affect periods.
STI protection: No.
Hormones: No hormones.
Please download the leaflet for further information.