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  • Dr Colin Tidy, https://patient.info/womens-health/periods-and-period-problems
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding - assessment and management; NICE Clinical Guideline (August 2016)
  • Management of Premenstrual Syndrome; Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (2016)
  • Nevatte T, O'Brien PM, Backstrom T, et al; ISPMD consensus on the management of premenstrual disorders. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2013 Aug16(4):279-91. doi: 10.1007/s00737-013-0346-y. Epub 2013 Apr 27.
  • Amenorrhoea; NICE CKS, July 2014
  • Dysmenorrhoea; NICE CKS, May 2014
  • Menorrhagia; NICE CKS, June 2017
  • Fibroids; NICE CKS, June 2017
  • Singh SS, Belland L; Contemporary management of uterine fibroids: focus on emerging medical treatments. Curr Med Res Opin. 2015 Jan31(1):1-12. doi: 10.1185/03007995.2014.982246. Epub 2014 Nov 12.
  • Orozco LJ, Tristan M, Vreugdenhil MM, et al; Hysterectomy versus hysterectomy plus oophorectomy for premenopausal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Jul 28(7):CD005638.
  • Brito LG, Pouwels NS, Einarsson JI; Sexual function after hysterectomy and myomectomy. Surg Technol Int. 2014 Nov25:191-3.
  • Dr Mary Harding, Reviewed by Dr Helen Huins | Last edited 24 Feb 2016 https://patient.info/doctor/menorrhagia
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding – assessment and management; NICE Clinical Guideline (August 2016) 
  • Pitkin J; Dysfunctional uterine bleeding. BMJ. 2007 May 26334(7603):1110-1. 
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding; NICE Clinical Guideline (January 2007) 
  • Lukes AS, Baker J, Eder S, et al; Daily menstrual blood loss and quality of life in women with heavy menstrual bleeding. Womens Health (Lond Engl). 2012 Sep8(5):503-11. doi: 10.2217/whe.12.36. 
  • Lethaby A, Hussain M, Rishworth JR, et al; Progesterone or progestogen-releasing intrauterine systems for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Apr 304:CD002126. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002126.pub3. 
  • Middleton LJ, Champaneria R, Daniels JP, et al; Hysterectomy, endometrial destruction, and levonorgestrel releasing intrauterine system (Mirena) for heavy menstrual bleeding: systematic review and meta-analysis of data from individual patients. BMJ. 2010 Aug 16341:c3929. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c3929. 
  • Endometrial cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up; European Society for Medical Oncology (2013) 
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding: assessment and management; NICE Guideline (March 2018) 
  • Gupta J, Kai J, Middleton L, et al; Levonorgestrel intrauterine system versus medical therapy for menorrhagia. N Engl J Med. 2013 Jan 10368(2):128-37. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1204724. 
  • Lethaby A, Duckitt K, Farquhar C; Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jan 311:CD000400. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD000400.pub3. 
  • Naoulou B, Tsai MC; Efficacy of tranexamic acid in the treatment of idiopathic and non-functional heavy menstrual bleeding: a systematic review. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2012 May91(5):529-37. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0412.2012.01361.x. Epub 2012 Feb 24. 
  • Farquhar C, Brown J; Oral contraceptive pill for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Oct 7(4):CD000154. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD000154.pub2. 
  • Lethaby A, Irvine G, Cameron I; Cyclical progestogens for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jan 23(1):CD001016. 
  • Hickey M, Higham JM, Fraser I; Progestogens with or without oestrogen for irregular uterine bleeding associated with anovulation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Sep 129:CD001895. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001895.pub3. 
  • Tan YH, Lethaby A; Pre-operative endometrial thinning agents before endometrial destruction for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Nov 1511:CD010241. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD010241.pub2. 
  • Marjoribanks J, Lethaby A, Farquhar C; Surgery versus medical therapy for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Jan 291:CD003855. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003855.pub3. 
  • Fergusson RJ, Lethaby A, Shepperd S, et al; Endometrial resection and ablation versus hysterectomy for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Nov 2911:CD000329. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD000329.pub2 
  • Dr Mary Harding, Reviewed by Prof Cathy Jackson https://patient.info/womens-health/periods-and-period-problems/period-pain-dysmenorrhoea 
  • Marjoribanks J, Ayeleke RO, Farquhar C, et al; Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Jul 30(7):CD001751. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001751.pub3. 
  • Pattanittum P, Kunyanone N, Brown J, et al; Dietary supplements for dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Mar 223:CD002124. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002124.pub2.
  • Smith CA, Armour M, Zhu X, et al; Acupuncture for dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Apr 184:CD007854. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007854.pub3 
  • Dr Mary Harding, https://patient.info/womens-health/periods-and-period-problems/missed-periods)
  • Klein DA, Poth MA; Amenorrhea: an approach to diagnosis and management. Am Fam Physician. 2013 Jun 187(11):781-8.
  • Sullivan SD, Sarrel PM, Nelson LM; Hormone replacement therapy in young women with primary ovarian insufficiency and early menopause. Fertil Steril. 2016 Dec106(7):1588-1599. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2016.09.046.
  • Palmert MR, Dunkel L; Clinical practice. Delayed puberty. N Engl J Med. 2012 Feb 2366(5):443-53. doi: 10.1056/NEJMcp1109290.
  • Long-term Consequences of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome; Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (November 2014)